It has long been known that horse racetrack design/construction should be based on standard engineering principles used in roadway design and construction. These principles include
the design, construction and maintenance of the racetrack, including the surface, underlying layers, and base;
the materials used in construction of the base and all layers of the track;
the need for a consistent surface throughout the track;
the design of the track as it relates to its length, shape, turns and the degree that the track is banked and/or elevated;
the design, construction, and use of materials in the track as it relates to the centrifugal forces and stresses placed upon whatever means of locomotion, whether it be trucks, cars or horses, that are used on the track; and
the design, length, shape, turns and banking of the track as it relates to ergonomics, a horse’s gait and speed, horse injuries and jockey injuries, and locomotory disturbances.